The purpose of an action plan is to provide steps to implement change and assigns responsibility to members of the team to ensure the project/change is implemented. The plan needs to be one that is manageable with a clear timeline. The timeline is one that is not written in stone and should be revisited and revised by the team as the implementation plan unfolds. The main job of the team is to evaluate the evidence, develop the action plan and implement the practice change.
An effective action plan includes:
While constructing and once the plan is completed it is important to solicit feedback from stakeholders and others in the organization in order to ensure that the plan can be implemented effectively and successfully. It is key that team members actively engage those who will be affected and involved in the practice change to get buy-in and to learn what is and is not working. Some people that need to be consulted are:
Once the plan is put into operation be sure to evaluate and adjust as necessary.
The key to being able to understand the success of a practice change is being able to evaluate it. This means that data must be not only gathered at the end of the intervention but also at the beginning. When thinking about what pre-intervention data should be gathered, think about what measures/sources will accurately reflect the intended aims of the intervention.
Some sources could include:
When determining the type of data you should ask the following questions.
Cox, M.E. (2015) Introduction to continuous quality improvement (CQI) for home visiting programs. Presentation in Baltimore, MD.
Cvach , M. "Chapter 8: Selecting Pathway to Translation." Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice: Implementation and Translation. Ed. Stephanie Poe and Kathleen M. White. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International, 2010.