VCU Libraries

Research Guides

Systematic Reviews

Guide that helps users to understand what a systematic review entails, as well as provide resources to do one.

How can the Library help?

Research librarians can partner with you on systematic reviews.

Add us to your author team and we will design and manage complex, thorough searches in multiple databases. We will also provide you with:

  • RefWorks libraries of de-duplicated results
  • Tables with detailed search strategies
  • A narrative of the search methodology.

Contact your library liasion for help. 

ICJME Authorship Principles (pg. 2) 

 ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

1.  Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;

 2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content

3.  Final approval of the version to be published

4.  Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Articles for Further Reading

Bettany-Saltikov, J. (2010). learning zone. Learning how to undertake a systematic review: part 1. Nursing Standard24(50), 47-56.

Bettany-Saltikov, J. (2010). learning zone. Learning how to undertake a systematic review: part 2. Nursing Standard24(51), 47-58.

Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., & Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research. British Journal Of Nursing16(11), 658-663.

de Souza, M. T., da Silva, M. D., & de Carvalho, R. (2010). Integrative review: what is it? How to do it?. Einstein (16794508)8(1), 102-106.

Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information & Libraries Journal26(2), 91-108. doi:10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x

Kastner, M., Straus, S. E., McKibbon, K. A., & Goldsmith, C. H. (2009). The capture–mark–recapture technique can be used as a stopping rule when searching in systematic reviews. Journal Of Clinical Epidemiology62(2), 149-157. 

Kastner, M., Straus, S., & Goldsmith, C. H. (2007). Estimating the horizon of articles to decide when to stop searching in systematic reviews: an example using a systematic review of RCTs evaluating osteoporosis clinical decision support tools. In AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings (Vol. 2007, p. 389). American Medical Informatics Association.

Kastner, M., Tricco, A. C., Soobiah, C., Lillie, E., Perrier, L., Horsley, T., & ... Straus, S. E. (2012). What is the most appropriate knowledge synthesis method to conduct a review? Protocol for a scoping review. BMC Medical Research Methodology12(1), 114-123. doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114

Lefebvre, C., Glanville, J., Wieland, L. S., Coles, B., & Weightman, A. L. (2013). Methodological developments in searching for studies for systematic reviews: past, present and future?. Systematic reviews2(1), 78.

McKinstry, C., Brown, T., & Gustafsson, L. (2014). Scoping reviews in occupational therapy: The what, why, and how to. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal61(2), 58-66. doi:10.1111/1440-1630.12080

Murad, M. H., Montori, V. M., Ioannidis, J. A., Jaeschke, R., Devereaux, P. J., Prasad, K., & ... Guyatt, G. (2014). How to read a systematic review and meta-analysis and apply the results to patient care: users' guides to the medical literature. JAMA: Journal Of The American Medical Association312(2), 171-179. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.5559

Perrier, L., Persaud, N., Ko, A., Kastner, M., Grimshaw, J., Ann McKibbon, K., & Straus, S. E. (2013). Development of two shortened systematic review formats for clinicians. Implementation Science8(1), 1-8. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-8-68

Petticrew, M. (2001). Systematic reviews from astronomy to zoology: myths and misconceptions. Bmj322(7278), 98-101.

RYAN, F; COUGHLAN, M; CRONIN, P. Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 2: qualitative research. British Journal of Nursing. 16, 12, 738-744, June 28, 2007. ISSN: 09660461.

Timm, D. F., Banks, D. E., & McLarty, J. (2012). Critical Appraisal Process: Step-by-Step. Southern Medical Journal105(3), 144-148. doi:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e31824a711f