Evidence-based practice uses the PICO model to help create a searchable clinical question.
PICO is describes four components of a useful clinical question:
Examples of applications of the PICO model can be found under Introduction to EBP.
Why Ask a Searchable, Answerable Clinical Question?
What Are the Types of Clinical Questions?
Focuses on the big picture and provides basic, general knowledge in reference to a specific condition, situation or topic.
What is the best practice for preventing nosocomial infections?
What types of patients are most at risk for falls in the inpatient setting?
What are the best interventions to encourage sleep in the inpatient setting?
When is the best time to discuss end of life care decisions with terminal patients?
Focused question that asks something specific in order to make an informed clinical decision or action.
P - (Patient, Population or Problem)
I - (Intervention)
C - (Comparison with other treatments, if applicable)
O - (Outcome)
Is therapeutic touch or guided imagery more effective when treating a patient with fibromyalgia?
In elderly patients requiring wound care, does the use of tap water as compared to normal saline reduce the incidence of infection?