VCU Libraries

Research Guides

Read and Use a Legal Citation

Legal Abbreviations

Selected Abbreviations:
A.L.R. - American Law Reports
A.L.R. Fed. - American Law Reports Federal
C.F.R. - Code of Federal Regulations
F.2d - Federal Reporter, Second Series
F.3d - Federal Reporter, Third Series
F.R. - Federal Register
F.Supp. - Federal Supplement
S.E.2d - South Eastern Reporter, Second Series
S.E.3d - South Eastern Reporter, Third Series
Stat. - United States Statutes at Large
U.S. - United States Reports [U.S. Supreme Court]
U.S.C. - United States Code
U.S.C.A. - United States Code Annotated
Va. - Virginia Reports
Va. App. - Virginia Court of Appeals Reports
Va. Code - Code of Virginia
VA. Code Ann. - Code of Virginia Annotated

Black's Law Dictionary (Cabell Reference KF156 .B53 2004) and The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (Cabell Reference KF245 .B58 18th ed 2005) both contain extensive listings of legal abbreviations for various legal sources.

Statute Citation

Electronic Duck Stamp Act of 2005, P.L. 109-266, 120 Stat. 670 (2006)
name of law [Electronic Duck Stamp Act of 2005] public law number [P.L. 109-266] volume [120] source [United States Statutes at Large] page [670] year enacted [2006]

Code Citation

29 U.S.C. § 2601 (2006)
title [29] source [United States Code] section [2601] edition [2006]

Va. Code § 23-30.27
source [Code of Virginia] title [23] chapter [30.27]

Regulation Citation

78 Fed. Reg. 15660 (March 12, 2013)
volume [78], source [Federal Register], page [15660], date [March 12, 2013]

39 CFR 3.8
title [39] source [Code of Federal Regulations] part [3] section [8]

Find the Statute, Code, or Regulation

Statutes, codes, and regulations are found in WestlawNext, HeinOnline, and at government sites. The United States Code Annotated and the individual state codes in WestlawNext have various 'Tools & Resources' on the right side of the screen. These links are helpful for finding laws by topic and popular name. HeinOnline is very useful for older editions of statutes, codes, and regulations.