The Institute of Medicine Standards for Systematic Reviews recommend working with a librarian during the following steps of a systematic review:
3.1.1 Work with a librarian or other information specialist trained in performing systematic reviews to plan the search strategy
3.1.2 Design the search strategy to address each key research question
3.1.3 Use an independent librarian or other information specialist to peer review the search strategy
Librarians at the Tompkins-McCaw Library support students and researchers at VCU conducting systematic reviews through two tiers of service (See "Tiers of Service" below). These services range from basic training (Tier 1) to a higher levels of involvement that comes with the expectation of co-authorship (Tier 2) (see "Authorship").
The expectation of authorship for librarians providing Tier 2 services is based on the belief that activities such as developing, executing, and managing results from the search as well as drafting of details in the methods section satisfy the four requirements for authorship recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: