VCU Libraries

Research Guides

Medical Images

Basic Information

The basic information you will need:

  • Artist name
  • Title of the work
  • Date it was created
  • Repository, museum, or owner
  • City or Country of origin
  • Dimensions of the work
  • Material or medium such as oil on canvas, marble, found objects

If you found the image in a book you will need the author, title, publisher information, date, and page, figure or plate number of the reproduction.

If you found the image online you will need an access date, the web site address (URL) and in some cases an image ID number.

Citation Styles

  • MLA
    Cite the artist's name, title, usually underlined, and the institution or individual who owns the work, and the city.If you want to indicate the work's date, include it after the title. For a work of art you viewed online, end your citation with your date of access and the URL.
  • Botticelli, Sandro. Birth of Venus. c. 1482. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence. ARTstor. 6 Jun. 2011, <http://www.>.


  • Turabian-style Citation Format
    Cite the artist's name, title in italics, the medium and support, the date, and the institution or individual who owns the work, the city, and, if needed for clarification, the state. If the location is unknown use, “whereabouts unknown” in parentheses.As a general rule cite images only in notes.
  • Frank Duveneck, 1872. Whistling Boy. [database on-line] (ARTstor, accessed 14 June 2011); available, image ID CARNEGIE_4410001         


  • APA
    Artist (last name, first name), artist’s role (in parentheses i.e. Artist, Architect), title, the work type, in brackets [Painting, Cathedral, Chair], country of origin or city, and state, and repository.
  • Constable, John (Artist). (1821). The Hay Wain [Image of painting]. London, England; National Gallery. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from


  • Chicago
    In the humanities citations are provided in footnotes and endnotes along with a bibliography. Images can be cited using captions or in a bibliography. Check with your instructor for the correct manner.
  • Sullivan, Louis H. The Security Bank, 1907. Owatonna, Minnesota. (accessed May 12, 2011).