The 3Rs were developed in 1959 by Dr. W.M.S. Russell and Dr. R.L. Burch as a strategy for conducting humane animal research studies. The 3Rs refer to:
VCU Libraries provides free consultations to assist investigators in conducting protocol databases searches necessary to meet the requirements of the US Animal Welfare Act (AWA). Tompkins-McCaw Library for the Health Sciences offers a broad range of reference services for VCU investigators such as assistance in:
Please contact Karen Gau at (804) 628-2291 or email@example.com if you have any questions or require assistance with your database search.