VCU Libraries

Research Guides

Cite My Sources and Avoid Plagiarism

Why we cite, when we cite, and how it works

Annotated bibliography

Sometimes your professor will ask you to create an annotated bibliography before or as a project. What's that? Take a look.

Citing sources in a speech

Do you have to cite sources in a speech? Short answer...yes. Here is a really short example of how that sounds.

In-text citations...or (rarely) endnotes and footnotes

So, the thing to remember is that citing is, basically, a 2-step process:

1) Let your reader or listener know right away when you are quoting or paraphrasing someone else's work, usually with an in-text or parenthetical citation and sometimes with a number and footnote/endnote. These are like quick links to point the reader to the full citation in your...

2) Works cited, references, or bibliography page--a list of all the sources used in your project (see box below)

For a closer look at #1--the first step in citing your sources--watch the quick videos below. Check out how several citation styles do it a bit differently!

Works Cited, References, or Bibliography page

The examples for step #2 of citing your sources are small...and, so are the differences for creating your list of sources in each style!

When you are ready to tackle this all-important part of your project, be sure to visit the citation styles guide for help getting it right.


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