Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to:
Demonstrate clinical reasoning to evaluate, analyze, diagnose, and provide occupation based interventions to address client factors, performance patterns, and performance skills. (ACOTE B.4.2)
Critique quantitative and qualitative research in order to analyze and evaluate scholarly activities, which contribute to the development of a body of knowledge. (ACOTE B.6.1)
Locate, select, analyze, and evaluate scholarly literature to make evidence-based decisions. (ACOTE B.6.1)
Design and implement a scholarly study that aligns with current research priorities and advances knowledge translation, professional practice, service delivery, or professional issues. (ACOTE B.6.1)
Create scholarly reports appropriate for presentation or for publication in a peer-reviewed journal that support skills of clinical practice. The reports must be made available to professional or public audiences. (ACOTE B.6.3)
This course guide references VCU Libraries' "Evidence-Based Practice" research guide. Be sure to visit this guide via the links on this page to review the resources that will help you navigate the evidence-based process: Assess the patient; Ask the question; Acquire the evidence; Appraise the evidence; Apply to the patient.
An evidence-based question asks what evidence is available to determine if your current method is following best practices. This follows a process of distinguishing between your background and foreground questions. Choosing the correct library resource for the question begins at even this stage, as some resources are better suited for background questions while others are used to answer the foreground questions.
As with other research projects, you will break up your question into concepts. For evidence-based practice questions, this process includes the PICO format:
How would I describe a group of patients similar to mine?
|Intervention||Which main intervention, exposure, or prognostic factor am I considering?|
|Comparison||What is the main alternative (if applicable) to compare with the intervention?|
|Outcomes||What can I hope to accomplish, measure, improve, affect?|
For a review on creating a search question, watch this video:
Identifying the type of question you're asking is important because:
The next steps in your search process will be:
Be sure to watch these videos to review how to put together a database search:
The "evidence-based pyramid" is a good guide for determining which studies are designed to be the most rigorous, thus decreasing bias. Even then, you still need to evaluate the methodology to determine how rigorously the study was performed.
Webinar series on conducting a literature review for the health sciences: