Open access to information is the free, immediate, online access to the results of scholarly research that is free from most copyright and licensing restrictions. To ensure the widest possible access to scholarship and research, scholars can contribute to open access in several ways:
Open Access Publishing: Scholarly content made available online and free of charge to anyone immediately upon publication.
Open Repositories: Digital collections of freely available scholarly content on a particular subject (subject repositories) or the collected works of an academic institution (institutional repositories).
Open Data: Data that is freely available for use, reuse, and redistribution.
Open access to research helps students, scholars, and researchers collaborate and innovate at an accelerated pace and has direct and widespread impact on our ability to advance knowledge in academia, medicine, technology, and society as a whole. Open access allows anyone, anywhere to read peer-reviewed research articles without charge, thereby facilitating: